Museum of Modern Art in Warsaw / Oskar and Zofia Hansen

OSKAR HANSEN

The project launched by the Museum of Modern Art in Warsaw in collaboration with the Bergen School of Architecture and Museu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona is dedicated to the oeuvre of Oskar Hansen, an outstanding Norwegian-born architect, artist, theorist and educator, affiliated with Team 10 and Warsaw Academy of Fine Arts. His influential theory of Open Form negated the hierarchy between the architect and the user, and postulated to treated architecture as a ‘passe-partout’ for everyday life, open for changes and user’s individual expression. The theory, taught by Hansen in Warsaw and by his student, Svein Hatløy, in Bergen, became an inspiring reference point for a few generations of Polish artists and Norwegian architects.

Exhibition

Oskar and Zofia Hansen

Open Form

TUE-FRI 12:00-8:00 PM
SAT 11:00 AM - 8:00 PM
SUN 11:00 AM - 6:00 PM

The exhibition of Oskar and Zofia Hansen’s legacy showcases various aspects of the Open Form theory, which was the axis of their architectural, artistic and educational work.

Presented by Oskar Hansen during the International Congress of Modern Architecture (CIAM) held in Otterlo in 1959, the theory of Open Form proposed to open architecture up to its users and allow them to co-create it. Hansen fought against what he defined as Closed Form, that is fully designed structures leaving no space for users’ creativity and constituting rather a monument to their authors than a comfortable living space. Instead, Hansen put forward a radical change in the perception of the architect’s role which, in his opinion, should consist in creating a passepartout, a background for everyday life. The mission of architecture should be showcasing people and the richness of their daily activity in space. Architecture should highlight subjectivity and create a framework for individual expression, become an instrument that can be used and transformed by its users and that can easily adapt to their changing needs.

Oskar Hansen expanded on the concept of Open Form in projects of varying scale: from designs of temporary exhibition pavilions and residential estates to the Linear Continuous System, a design of linear cities stretching across the entire territory of Poland, from the Baltic to the Tatras. His wife, Zofia Garlińska-Hansen (1924–2013), was the co-author of many of these designs, in particular the residential estates that were built. Affiliated with the Warsaw Residential Cooperative, she typically remained in her husband’s shadow, but he often stressed her involvement in creating Open Form.

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The exhibition displays various areas and scales of creative activity in which Open Form was applied. "Background of Events" focuses on designs for exhibitions and pavilions, which offered an ideal ground for theoretical experiments due to their ephemeral character. "Politics of Scale" focuses on Oskar Hansen’s urban planning projects, displaying their socio-political dimension. "The Individual in the Collective" treats the Hansens’ realized residential estates in Warsaw and Lublin, presenting their lesser-known, often unpreserved details. "Architecture as an Instrument" focuses on designs for public buildings: museum, gallery, theatre, recording studio - whose shape was to be determined by the users. "Active Negative" shows the private space of the Hansens and the concept associated with them of sculptural presentation of architectural interiors. "Anti-monument" describes the space-time design for the "Road" memorial to the victims of Auschwitz-Birkenau, a group work that became the sculptural reflection of Open Form. Exercises from Hansen’s studio at the Faculty of Sculpture at the Warsaw Fine Arts Academy are mixed into parts of the exhibition. Hansen taught at the academy for 30 years, promoting the tenets of Open Form among his students.

Curator

Aleksandra Kędziorek


Exhibition design

Centrala (Małgorzata Kuciewicz, Simone De Iacobis)


Graphic design

Piotr Chuchla


Production

Joanna Turek in collaboration with Sylwia Borowska and Michał Kożurno


Installation

Jakub Antosz, Marek Franczak, Szymon Ignatowicz, Paweł Sobczak, Marcin Szubiak, Michał Ziętek


Educational programme

Katarzyna Witt


Publication

Kacha Szaniawska


Catalogue design

Jakub Jezierski


Exhibition communication

Marcel Andino Velez, Zofia Czartoryska, Bartosz Stawiarski, Kacha Szaniawska, Anna Tryc-Bromley, Iga Winczakiewicz, Daniel Woźniak


Minisite

Bartosz Stawiarski i Krzysztof Maksymiuk


Zdjęcie w tle

View of the exhibition „Oskar and Zofia Hansen. Open Form” at the MUSEUM on the Vistula, 2017, photo Bartosz Stawiarski


The event held by the Museum of Modern Art in Warsaw is the fourth edition of the exhibition prepared by Soledad Gutiérrez, Aleksandra Kędziorek and Łukasz Ronduda, produced by The Museum of Modern Art in Warsaw and Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona. It has already been presented in MACBA, Barcelona (2014), Serralves Museum, Porto (2015), and Yale School of Architecture, New Haven, US (2016). The Warsaw edition constitutes the culmination of the exhibition’s international tour.


Previous exhibitions:
1.09-17.12.2016

„Oskar Hansen: Open Form”
Yale School of Architecture, New Haven →

11-23.08.2015

„Pedagogies of Space: Oskar Hansen and Open Form”
Index, Sztokholm →

30.01-3.05.2015

„Oskar Hansen: Forma Aberta”
at the Serralves Museum of Contemporary Art in Porto →

10.07.2014-6.01.2015

„Oskar Hansen: Forma Abierta”
at Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona →

EXHIBITION OPEN

TUE-FRI 12:00-8:00 PM
SAT 11:00 AM - 8:00 PM
SUN 11:00 AM - 6:00 PM

PLACE

MUSEUM on the Vistula
Wybrzeże Kościuszkowskie 22 (Skwer Kpt. S. Skibniewskiego "Cubryny"), Warszawa

ADMISSION FREE

Events

Upcoming Events

14:00 Walk Guided Tour in English of the "Oskar and Zofia Hansen. Open Form" exhibition MUSEUM on the Vistula
14:00 Walk Guided Tour in English of the "Oskar and Zofia Hansen. Open Form" exhibition MUSEUM on the Vistula

more events

Archive

10:00 Excursion Szumin Excursion to Hansens' Summer House The Hansens' House in Szumin
10:00 Excursion Szumin Excursion to Hansens' Summer House The Hansens' House in Szumin
10:00 Excursion Szumin Excursion to Hansens' Summer House The Hansens' House in Szumin
10:00 Excursion Szumin Excursion to Hansens' Summer House The Hansens' House in Szumin
10:00 Excursion Szumin Excursion to Hansens' Summer House The Hansens' House in Szumin
10:00 Excursion Children's Day at the Hansens’ Workshops for children The Hansens' House in Szumin
10:00 Excursion Szumin Excursion to Hansens' Summer House The Hansens' House in Szumin
10:00 Excursion Szumin Excursion to Hansens' Summer House The Hansens' House in Szumin
10:00 Excursion Szumin Excursion to Hansens' Summer House The Hansens' House in Szumin
10:00 Excursion Szumin Excursion to Hansens' Summer House The Hansens' House in Szumin
10:00 Excursion Szumin Excursion to Hansens' Summer House The Hansens' House in Szumin
10:00 Workshops Szumin - Family Excursion to Hansens' Summer House The Hansens' House in Szumin
10:00 Workshops Szumin - Family Excursion to Hansens' Summer House The Hansens' House in Szumin
10:00 Excursion Szumin Excursion to Hansens' Summer House The Hansens' House in Szumin
10:00 Excursion Szumin Excursion to Hansens' Summer House The Hansens' House in Szumin
10:00 Excursion Szumin Excursion to Hansens' Summer House The Hansens' House in Szumin
10:00 Excursion Szumin Excursion to Hansens' Summer House The Hansens' House in Szumin
10:00 Workshops Szumin - Family Excursion to Hansens' Summer House The Hansens' House in Szumin
10:00 Excursion Szumin Excursion to Hansens' Summer House The Hansens' House in Szumin
14:00 Walk Guided Tour in English of the "Oskar and Zofia Hansen. Open Form" exhibition MUSEUM on the Vistula
14:00 Walk Guided Tour in English of the "Oskar and Zofia Hansen. Open Form" exhibition MUSEUM on the Vistula
14:00 Walk Guided Tour in English of the "Oskar and Zofia Hansen. Open Form" exhibition MUSEUM on the Vistula
14:00 Walk Guided Tour in English of the "Oskar and Zofia Hansen. Open Form" exhibition MUSEUM on the Vistula
14:00 Guided tour Guided Tour in English of the "Oskar and Zofia Hansen. Open Form" exhibition MUSEUM on the Vistula

HANSENS' HOUSE IN SZUMIN

The wooden house is located in a picturesque area of an oxbow lake of the River Bug in Mazovia; it is a spatial manifesto of the Open Form, which was the centre of Oskar Hansen's architectural work. The house, whose construction commenced in 1968, fully expressed these ideas and became one of very few Hansens' works that were made in accordance with their vision, without any limitations imposed by the socialist construction industry.

Spaciotemporal architecture, being easy to adapt to changeable needs of its users, seamlessly blended the interior with the exterior and contained an element of change. Constructed as a framework of life, it comes to life with the presence of people.

The Hansens’ house in Szumin is the only Polish member of the Iconic Houses Network. Thanks to the generosity and hospitality of the Hansen family, in May 2014 it was opened to the general public and is possible to visit during trips organized by the Museum of Modern Art in Warsaw.

See also: www.iconichouses.org/houses/oskar-hansen-house →

Publications

Museum of Modern Art in Warsaw released four books dedicated to the oeuvre of the Hansens: “Leaven. On Zofia and Oskar Hansens’ by Filip Springer (together with Karakter Publishers, 2013), “Oskar Hansen – Opening Modernism. On Open Form Architecture, Art and Didactics” edited by Aleksandra Kędziorek and Łukasz Ronduda (2014), “Team 10 East. Revisionist Architecture in Real Existing Modernism” edited by Łukasz Stanek (2014) and “House as Open Form. Hansens’ Summer Residence in Szumin” (together with Karakter Publishers, 2014).

Oskar i Zofia Hansenowie - Forma Otwarta (katalog wystawy)
Zaczyn. O Zofii i Oskarze Hansenach Filip Springer

About the project

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Exhibition „Oskar and Zofia Hansen. Open Form”, Museum of Modern Art in Warsaw [link: http://artmuseum.pl/en/wystawy/oskar-i-zofia-hansenowie-forma-otwarta], 15.09-29.10.2017
Curator: Aleksandra Kędziorek
Exhibition design: Centrala (Małgorzata Kuciewicz, Simone De Iacobis)
Graphic design: Piotr Chuchla
Production: Joanna Turek, in collaboration with Sylwia Borowska, Michał Kożurno
Installation: Marek Franczak, Szymon Ignatowicz, Paweł Sobczak, Marcin Szubiak, Michał Ziętek
Educational programme: Katarzyna Witt
Catalogue editor: Kacha Szaniawska
Texts: Aleksandra Kędziorek, Marcin Wicha
Catalogue design: Jakub Jezierski
Partners of the museum: Ministry of Culture and National Heritage of the Republic of Poland, Municipal Office of the Capital City of Warsaw, EY, ERGO Hestia, innogy Polska S.A., Przekrój, DZP s.k.
Partner of the exhibition: Warbud S.A.

Exhibition „Oskar Hansen: Open Form”, Yale School of Architecture, New Haven [link: http://artmuseum.pl/en/wystawy/oskar-hansen-forma-otwarta-5], 1.09-17.12.2016
Curator: Aleksandra Kędziorek
Collaboration: Ewa Bogusz-Moore, Marta Jazowska, Alfie Koetter, Alison Walsh
Exhibition design: Centrala (Małgorzata Kuciewicz, Simone De Iacobis)
Installation: Andrzej Dutkanicz, Eben Kling, Jaime Kriksciun, Mark Geist, Ritchie Zepko, Ryan Cyr, William Warden
Catalogue: Nina Rappaport, David Reinfurt

Symposium „Transit Point: Mitteleuropa”, [link: http://architecture.yale.edu/school/events/symposium-transit-point-mitteleuropa] 8.09.2016:
Concept: Eeva-Liisa Pelkonen, Aleksandra Kędziorek
Participants: David Crowley, Vladimir Kulić, Eeva-Liisa Pelkonen, Kevin Repp, Marci Shore, Alina Serban, Łukasz Stanek, Nicola Suthor, Gabriela Świtek
Wystawa i sympozjum zrealizowane we współpracy z Culture.pl w ramach projektu „Kampusy”.

Exhibition Pedagogies of Space: Oskar Hansen and Open Form, Index, Stockholm [http://indexfoundation.se/exhibitions/pedagogies-of-space], 11-23.08.2015
Curators: Aleksandra Kędziorek, Axel Wieder
Conference Pedagogies of Space, [link: http://indexfoundation.se/talks-and-events/conference-pedagogies-of-space] 25-26.02.2016
Participants: Oscar Andrade Castro, Eva Diaz, Magnus Ericsson, Jens Evaldsson, Alberto Iacovoni, Peter Lang, Kristina Lindemann, Tor Lindstrand, Anna Molska, Christina Pech, Alina Serban, Kuba Szreder, Sam Thorne, Floryan Zeyfang
Wystawa i konferencja zrealizowane dzięki wsparciu Instytutu Adama Mickiewicza i Instytutu Polskiego w Sztokholmie, w ramach polskiej prezydencji w Radzie Państw Morza Bałtyckiego.

Seminar series Open Perspectives on Oskar Hansen, La Loge, Brussels [https://www.la-loge.be/project/open-perspectives-on-oskar-hansen], 14-28.03.2015
Curators: Aleksandra Kędziorek, Anne-Claire Schmitz
Participants: Amica Dall (Assemble), Dag Boutsen, Matthew Claudel, Koenraad Dedobbeler & Kris Kimpe (UP), Aleksandra Kędziorek, Lucien Kroll, Wendelien van Oldenborgh, Aleksandra Wasilkowska
Cykl zrealizowany dzięki wsparciu Instytutu Polskiego w Brukseli.

Exhibition Oskar Hansen: Forma Aberta, Serralves Museum of Contemporary Art, Porto [link: http://artmuseum.pl/en/wystawy/oskar-hansen-forma-otwarta-3], 30.01-3.05.2015
Curators: Aleksandra Kędziorek, Łukasz Ronduda
Collaboration on behalf of the Serralves Museum: Ricardo Nicolau
Exhibition design: Centrala (Małgorzata Kuciewicz, Simone De Iacobis, Krzysztof Syruć)
Production: Filipa Loureiro
Collaboration: Nina Gałuszka, Mateusz Maleszewski
Wystawa została zrealizowana dzięki wsparciu udzielonemu przez Islandię, Liechtenstein oraz Norwegię w ramach dofinansowania ze środków Mechanizmu Finansowego Europejskiego Obszaru Gospodarczego.

Exhibition Oskar Hansen: Forma Abierta, MACBA, Barcelona [link: http://artmuseum.pl/en/wystawy/oskar-hansen-forma-otwarta-2], 10.07.2014-6.01.2015
Curators: Soledad Gutierrez, Łukasz Ronduda
Curatorial collaboration and production: Aleksandra Kędziorek
Exhibition design: Centrala (Małgorzata Kuciewicz, Simone De Iacobis, Krzysztof Syruć)
Collaboration: María Victoria Fuentes, Nina Gałuszka, Denis Iriarte, Ewa Kozik, Mateusz Maleszewski
Wystawa została zrealizowana dzięki wsparciu udzielonemu przez Islandię, Liechtenstein oraz Norwegię w ramach dofinansowania ze środków Mechanizmu Finansowego Europejskiego Obszaru Gospodarczego.

Research workshops Team 10 East [link: http://artmuseum.pl/en/wydarzenia/team-east-10-warsztaty-badawcze-wydarzenie-zamkniete-dla], 8.06.2013
Concept: Łukasz Stanek
Uczestnicy: Cornelia Escher, Marcela Hanáčková, Dirk van den Heuvel, Aleksandra Idzior, Jelica Jovanović, Aleksandra Kędziorek, Aleksandar Kušić, Renata Margaretić Urlić, Maroje Mrduljaš, Ákos Moravánszky, Karin Serman, Łukasz Stanek
Rezultatem warsztatów była publikacja Team 10 East: Revisionist Architecture in Real Existing Modernism pod red. Łukasza Stanka, wyd. Muzeum Sztuki Nowoczesnej w Warszawie, 2014.
Warsztaty i publikacja zostały zrealizowane dzięki wsparciu udzielonemu przez Islandię, Liechtenstein oraz Norwegię w ramach dofinansowania ze środków Mechanizmu Finansowego Europejskiego Obszaru Gospodarczego i we współpracy z Fundacją ERSTE.

Conference Oskar Hansen: Opening Modernism, Museum of Modern Art in Warsaw [link: http://artmuseum.pl/pl/wydarzenia/oskar-hansen-otwieranie-modernizmu], 6-7.06.2013
Curators: Aleksandra Kędziorek, Łukasz Ronduda
Collaboration: Łukasz Stanek
Participants: Claire Bishop, Tamara Bjažić Klarin, David Crowley, Tomasz Fudala, Jola Gola, Svein Hatløy, Dirk van den Heuvel, Bartomeu Mari, Ákos Moravánszky, Maroje Mrduljaš, Joan Ockman, Eeva-Liisa Pelkonen, Grzegorz Piątek, Felicity D. Scott, Karol Sienkiewicz, Łukasz Stanek, Andrzej Szczerski, Sixten Rahlff, Mark Wasiuta, Axel J. Wieder, Łukasz Wojciechowski
Organizational assistance: Katarzyna Król, Monika Stobiecka
Rezultatem konferencji była publikacja Oskar Hansen: Opening Modernism. On Open Form Architecture, Art and Didactics pod red. Aleksandry Kędziorek i Łukasza Rondudy, wyd. Muzeum Sztuki Nowoczesnej w Warszawie, 2014.
Konferencja i publikacja zostały zrealizowane dzięki wsparciu udzielonemu przez Islandię, Liechtenstein oraz Norwegię w ramach dofinansowania ze środków Mechanizmu Finansowego Europejskiego Obszaru Gospodarczego, oraz dzięki wsparciu Graham Foundation for Advanced Studies in the Fine Arts, British Council i Instytutu Adama Mickiewicza.

Muzeum Sztuki Nowoczesnej w Warszawie

Project is supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA grants and co-financed by the Polish funds.

Muzeum Sztuki Nowoczesnej w Warszawie